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DEPRESSION IN MEN AND WOMEN

Depression is diagnosed more often in women than in men. Some researchers guess this is because men are less likely to seek treatment. Some men believe talking about their feelings would make them look “weak” or “unmanly,” so they avoid therapy. Researchers also believe men are diagnosed less because their symptoms look different.

A fatigued young man is working late on a project.

Men with depression are more likely to show anger than sadness. They tend to have more sleep difficulties and fatigue symptoms than women. Men often cope through escapist behaviors like binge drinking or sexual affairs.

Women with depression are more likely to attempt suicide. They are also more likely to experience certain forms of depression like premenstrual dysphoria (PMDD). PMDD is when someone experiences severe depression symptoms before their period. The symptoms improve once the period begins. They may even disappear for the rest of the menstrual cycle. (Transgender men may experience PMDD, although research suggests testosterone therapy reduces depressive symptoms.)

DEPRESSION IN CHILDREN

Around 2% of children ages 6-12 have depression. That rate jumps to around 7% for teenagers. Estimates say up to 60% of youth with depression are not getting treatment.

Some children may inherit abnormalities in brain chemistry from their parents. These abnormalities could make kids more likely to share their parents’ depression. If an adult’s depression affects their parenting, the child may learn certain behaviors and attitudes. They may develop depression as a response to stress.

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